It is largely responsible for numerous continuities in its extensive history. This geographical position helped Greece become one of the most influential Mediterranean countries more than 2000 years ago. Highways of Water Several seas played a major role in the life of ancient Greece. Ancient Greek history is most easily understood by dividing it into time periods. Why is geography important? The geography of the region helped to shape the government and culture of the Ancient Greeks. The most notable factors are the mountains, the sea and warm climate that enabled ancient people to grow figs, olives and grapes. Level 6/140 Creek Street, Just like any civilization, ancient Greece was shaped pretty significantly by its geography and climate. This drink was very important at that time and people consumed it several times a day. What is more, the mountains made overland trade practically impossible. Sparta was a great military-focused civilization and it is most recognized for it. Greece, the southernmost of the countries of the Balkan Peninsula. Geography; How did it affect the rise of Athens? Ancient Greece was a very mountainous area so the people mainly used the sea as a way of feeding themselves and earning money. These "highways of water" linked most parts of Greece to each other. The Ionian Sea is west of Greece. They were fishermen 2. How did the geography of Greece affect the development of city-states? It is hard to say whether the Greek geographical position was favorable for its agriculture. History >> Ancient Greece. Most people today know about the great Greek Philosophers, the Olympics, the battles, so most people should know at least a little of the history of ancient Greece. THE SEA: The sea shaped Greek civilization just as rivers shaped the ancient civilizations of Egypt, the Fertile Crescent, India, and China. Apparently, people settled down along the banks of rivers and fertile valleys. Greece is located in Southern Europe, bordering the Ionian Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, between Albania and Turkey.It is a peninsular country, with an archipelago of about 3,000 islands. The entire country consisted of the city-states. 3. How did the geography affect the early Greek's ability to get food? Consequently, this led to the creation of city-states, cities that were independent, thus leading to not a whole Greek nation, but sprinkles of different peoples of different nationalities. The unique geography of ancient Greece played a major role in determining the culture and history of its people. Greek temperatures average 48 degrees Fahrenheit in the winter and 80 degrees Fahrenheit in the summer. known for its art, architecture and philosophy. The interaction of the people in these different societies greatly varies, from subjects like religion to something as simple as exploration. Greatly influenced by its location, Greece is located in Southern Europe, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, Aegean Sea, and the Ionian Sea. The largest was the Mediterranean Sea to the south. I know the answer but one wasn't here yet so Im writing to help! Which feature of Greece’s geography explains the ancient Greeks’ need for trade? 1.How did the geography of Greece shape its earliest history and lead to the growth of the polis? Greece As A Peninsula Greece is a peninsula – that’s a piece of land surrounded on three sides by water. The largest geographical impact on Greece was the fact that much of it is coastal. Greek temperatures average 48 degrees Fahrenheit in the winter and 80 degrees Fahrenheit in the summer. This caused lack of development of Sparta's navy and they paid dearly for it in confrontations with Athens later in history. It lies at the juncture of Europe, Asia, and Africa and is heir to the heritages of Classical Greece, the Byzantine Empire, and nearly four centuries of Ottoman Turkish rule. Most of Greece is a peninsula. Their country is located in the south of Europe. Which were characteristics of Alexander the Great's empire? They were sociable, amiable and temperamental. the mountains, seas, islands, and climate isolated separated and divided Greece into small groups that became city-states. However, many other things helped the Spartans become so successful, one such thing was its geography. Answer: 3 question How did the geography of ancient Greece affect its political organization? The ancient Greek maps are important to the history of cartography because they often showed Greece as being at the center of the world and surrounded by an ocean. World History. The history of ancient Greece is in many ways the story of how environment and geography shaped the ways that communities and individuals interacted with each other. 7.How did Rome expand its power beyond Italy, and what were the effects of this success? The limited fertile tracts amongst a mountainous terrain promoted the growth of independent city-states. The Aegean Sea is east of Greece. Thousands of years ago, the geography of ancient Greece was divided into three regions - the coastline, the lowlands, and the mountains. Communications were feeble, with far more rocky tracks than roads. What were the major developments of the Archaic age and how did Sparta and Athens create new forms of government? The region’s physical geography directly shaped Greek traditions and customs. On the other hand, these mountains prevented the holistic development of the single united country. People had to go to the internal regions of the country in order to grow crops. Crete, of course, was the homeland of the Minoans. Due to the mountains in Greece all these city-states were split up and therefore they all had different practices and cultures. It motivated trade and colonization so they could get what they didn’t have enough of at home. How did the geography of Greece shape its earliest history and lead to the growth of the polis? The rivers that were in Greece were not able to be traveled on. How did the geography affect the early Greek's ability to get food? Greece was a peninsula, with a lot of islands surrounding it, and the also the well known 'Aegean sea'. The mountains divided Greece, so independent city-states formed on their own and were not united besides cases of outside threats. Ultimately, geography shaped Greek history in different ways. 5. Greece is a country of the Balkans, in Southeastern Europe, bordered to the north by Albania, North Macedonia and Bulgaria; to the east by Turkey, and is surrounded to the east by the Aegean Sea, to the south by the Cretan and the Libyan Seas, and to the west by the Ionian Sea which separates Greece from Italy. Directions: The purpose of the journal is to actively engage in self-learning and opportunities to clarify and reflect upon your thinking of world history in different ways. Greece's mountainous terrain and lack of navigable rivers led to the development of small, indpendent communities and political fragmentation. Mountains cover about 80 percent of the land. Geography had an enormous impact on the ancient Greek civilization. 4. When you pay attention to the culture and worldview of different nations, you will notice that their values, lifestyle and traditions are determined by their geographical position. No wonder, Ancient Greece are associated with the culture of wine. 3.In the Classical period how did war influence Greece? Without question, geography is supposed to be the most influential factor of the original development of Greece. What factors influenced its cultural, philosophical, political and economic growth? Ancient Rome Geography - Ancient Rome began in the Seven Hills, on a peninsula, shaped like a boot, a peninsula that jutted out into the Mediterranean Sea. The Aegean Sea is east of Greece. When you pay attention to the Greek cuisine, you will see that nearly every traditional dish contains seafood. Greeks do not have cold winters and they are able to enjoy warm weather all the year round. What could Greece have become? Ancient Greece was made of hundreds of small islands and mainland regions that … How did Ancient Greece’s Geography Affect its Civilization Ancient Greece was mostly made up of many small and separated islands. 4. 2. coast of Anatolia were also part of ancient Greece. Geography; How did it affect the rise of Athens? 2.What was the role of the polis in Greek society. The region was already settled, and agriculture initiated, during the Paleolithic era as evidenced by finds at Petralona and Franchthi caves (two of the oldest human habitations in the world). The Coastline: Saltwater and Harbors: Ancient Greece was made up of hundreds of city-states , grouped together at the southern end of a very large peninsula that jutted out into the Mediterranean Sea. It has a total area of 131,957 km 2 (50,949 sq mi), of which land area is 130,647 km 2 and internal waters (lakes and rivers) account for 1,310 km 2. They were sailors The mountains in Greece did not have fertile soil good for growing crops, like in Mesopotamia, but the mild climate allowed for some farming. In addition, the mild climate allowed for many Greeks to become traders and pirates, which made ancient Greek society cosmopolitan. Geographical formations including mountains, seas, and islands formed natural barriers between the Greek city-states and forced the Greeks to settle along the coast. Just as the Nile shaped Egypt, so too did the unique geography of Greece help to shape one of the most enduring cultures in history. Traders from Asia, Africa, and other parts of Europe could easy access Greece … Every well-educated person who lives in Europe, the USA, Canada and Australia knows about the greatest Greek philosophers and poets whereas they established the background for the development of the entire European Culture. Nearly every city had the direct access towards the sea; therefore, marine trade was quite solid at that time. Key Terms to Know. The Ionian Sea is west of Greece. The geography of Greece shaped its culture. 2. The sea allowed the Greeks to trade for food by traveling over water. are found in Ancient Greece. What were the lasting cultural and intellectual achievements of the classical period? They know everything about snowy cold winters and short mild summers. 10.How did the emperors Diocletian and Constantine respond to the problems created by barbarian invasions and political turmoil in the third and fourth centuries? Certainly their history as stepping stones of civilization from ancient Mesopotamia, Egypt and Anatolia (present-day Turkey) fascinates us. Its origins were in the land of Greece and the islands of the Aegean Sea, plus the west coast of Asia Minor (modern Turkey). To put it bluntly, it was the hilly landscape. The Ionian and Aegean seas were branches of the Mediterranean. The rugged terrain of the Greek territory shaped Greek civilization into separated and largely isolated individual city-state units. It was a period of political, philosophical, artistic, and scientific achievements that formed a legacy with unparalleled influence on Western civilization. Therefore, everyone should know at least something about the history of Ancient Greece and its contribution into Western Civilization. Ancient Greek civilization, the period following Mycenaean civilization, which ended about 1200 BCE, to the death of Alexander the Great, in 323 BCE. Grapes are paramount for the Greek Culture inasmuch as these people enjoyed wine. Because of numerous hills and mountains, there is no place for intensive agriculture. These ideas came largely out of Homer’s works as well as other early Greek literature. 2.What were the major developments of the Archaic age and how did Sparta and Athens create new forms of government? The most widespread and common crops were olives and grapes. It is advisable to have this information at hand so that you can quickly fill in the necessary information needed in the form for the essay writer to be immediately assigned to your writing project.