common cactus types

The totem pole cactus gets its name from its tall stature, growing to be ten to twelve feet high. Gardenerdy | The Spruce | Gardening Know How | aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu | lithops.info, 5 Rose Backgrounds To Celebrate Every Day. The star cactus only grows two to six inches in diameter, making it an ideal house plant. Its common names include pancake prickly pear, flapjack prickly pear and dollarjoint prickly pear. It usually stays about 12 inches tall or less. When it rains in the desert, this plant undergoes a transformation. Tubular flowers come in red, pink, orange, and white. Cacti are definitely comfortable growing around sand, as they are thought to be essential to the environmental makeup of deserts. Some popular varieties include the golden barrel, california barrel, fishhook cactus, blue barrel and colviller’s barrel. Strawberry hedgehog cactus can go by many names: strawberry cactus, saint's cactus, purple torch, or Engelmann's hedgehog cactus. Though cacti have the capacity to have their skin be sunburned, it is unlikely that they can light on fire. Though there are some cacti that heavily resemble certain types of trees such as the Pereskia genus, cacti are not often considered to be trees. Each plant is unique and adds flavor to your garden or home. These cacti can make surprisingly great houseplants. Pin. These types of specially made soil contain large amounts of peat, an element that helps hold moisture and allows the cacti to absorb it properly. Their water-storing capability allows you to miss watering them a day or two without having a dead plant. The Organ Pipe cactus produces a sweet fruit that local wildlife relies on. It has two pads that are bunny ear shaped. I so wish I could cuddle with them but that would be probably the worst idea I’ve ever had (and trust me, I’ve had some bad ones). However, they are still relatively low-maintenance. For a majority of cacti, the lowest temperature they are able to survive at is freezing (~32 degrees Fahrenheit). Some of the most common types of cacti include The Golden Barrel Cactus Prickly Pear Cactus (Opuntia) This plant tends to grow out more than up. These grow an oval pad type stem that has polka dot looking glochids (hair spines) covering them, evenly. Note: This cactus is sometimes also called Neoporteria nidus. It is best to buy a Christmas Cactus that already has flowers. Angiosperms is another way of referring to flowering plants, a category that cacti are a part of. The many types of succulents that you can find in nurseries, garden centers, as a cutting from a friend or in large box stores is absolutely astounding. Do you think that cacti are only for boring, dry yards? As you may be able to guess from the name, the Easter Cactus is a cousin to the Christmas Cactus. Like most cacti, this plant is drought tolerant and doesn’t need much maintenance. There are plenty of types of cacti that can add beauty to your home. Indoor cacti tend to need less light and are smaller in size, making them the perfect houseplant. HEDGEHOG CACTUS. Also known as the crab cactus, the Thanksgiving cactus blooms around the time of the holiday. Simon McGillGetty Images. Also, cactus are basically wild plants. There are over 2000 species, so you can find many more indoor cactus varieties in a variety of colors, shapes and sizes. However, very mature cacti can cost a bit more. It can grow 8 inches tall. You can typically purchase this plant for around 25 dollars in a basic pot. The price and size of non-flowering cacti vary widely. It also prefers a bit more moisture than its spiky kin, so water whenever the top inch of soil in its container is dry. Barrel Cactus. As an avid cacti/succulent lover myself (how original) I thought I’d put together a quick guide of the ones I saw (and loved!) In Mexico, you can find cacti in many different heights, shapes, colors, and sizes. The Most Common Indoor Cacti & Succulents. In a general sense, though, the lowest temperature a cactus will be able to survive at depends greatly upon the species. Hedgehog cacti are small and have free-branching clusters or mounds of erect stems that are sometimes prostrate. Most cacti are not considered flowers, but certain species are known to have flowers growing out from them. The water is stored in the fleshy part of cacti, something that is a defining feature of succulents in general. To help you decide on which plant is the best fit, take a look at each one’s appearance, water intake and sunlight needs. It has vibrant red flowers and is a common holiday gift. They may not have lush tropical foliage or fast growth, but cacti and other succulents have other advantages as houseplants. It has a barrel-shaped body, giving it the classic cactus appearance. The gray-green, jointed stems are wide and flat resembling the tail of a beaver. This giant cactus isn’t the only one that is native to the United States. Cactus plants mostly propagate vegetatively. Examples of this include the Flowered Hedgehog Cactus, also known as Echinocereus viridiflorus. clavifolius. Where to buy cactus. Most cacti are well-known for growing in hot, coastal areas, but there are also some species that can survive in colder areas. Common purslane is widely considered an edible plant, and in some areas it is invasive. Cacti can be an incredible addition to any home. Eriosyce senilis. Some of the many unusual cacti and succulent from Madagascar include: Some of these plant types produce fragrant, beautiful flowers. All cacti are succulents but not all succulents are cacti. However, the species that are edible are considered vegetables (i.e. In fact, some can live for up to 200 years. With proper care, this cactus can also bloom in the fall and spring. It is native to Mexico, but has also been found in some southwest areas of the United States. Click on image to view plant details. They are quite prolific here in the Southwest also. This cactus is short and round and is one of the common cacti cultivated as houseplants. This towering plant can grow over 60 feet tall and has several smaller branches coming off one giant column. If you take care of these easy-going plants, they can last a lifetime. Related: 23 of my favorite indoor cactus types. The cost of these plants changes accordingly. It prefers temperatures from 60 to 85 degrees, and is extremely sensitive to the cold which is why it is best suited for indoors. This does not mean that all succulents are cacti, though. Christmas Cactus. The Echeveria Runyoni grows very quickly and can get up to five inches tall. Because of this, cacti are actually considered a sub-category under the umbrella of succulents. Some smaller species can grow to less than a foot in height, while others can top seven feet. Rather than one of two columns or barrels, these plants have plenty of flat, fleshy surfaces that look like giant leaves. Columnar type cacti, also known as “cereus type,” grow tall and skinny. Native to the American Southwest, the cholla cactus has a round stem with sharp spines. Among those incredible types of cactus plants we can find some verities that are very rear and unusual even for cacti… Fun fact: these cacti have been part of a human diet for thousands of years. The barrel cactus is named after its barrel or circular shape. 2. A plant like this will typically set you back only 15 to 25 dollars. Cacti that grow indoors also likely require special growing lights in order to replicate outdoor conditions as closely as possible. Pour some water over the cactus to bring out the color of the needles. Yes, but cacti are often not able to remain sufficiently healthy if they are growing in normal soil. Yes, although in the wild cacti most frequently grow in a mixture of sand and soil. There are also a lot of cacti that don’t have any flowers, only growing spines, making this a problematic term to apply in a general sense. Here are some types of cactus that make great plants for your home decor. Read More. You can grow them in a suitable pot; new branches may also grow from the base of this cactus plant. Almost all types of cactus plants are protected by an outer layer of spines and their thick skin helps them to go without water for a very long time. Click images and/or links to open informational window (brief loading delay). Pincushion Cactus (mammillaria crinita) The pincushion plant is of the cactus variety and has pointy spikes covering its exterior. Types of Cactus in Arizona. Water, Temperature, and Sunlight Requirements. Its growth can be 1 feet to 12 feet. Skip to content. The plant itself costs between five and 15 dollars. Star Cactus. Cacti have structures called areolas, small cushioned shapes that grow spines, branches or hair, that define their family. You can buy it already potted from 35 dollars and up. Other types of cacti that can survive under conditions closer to zero degrees Fahrenheit include the Fishhook Barrel Cactus (also known as Ferocactus wislizeni) and the Santa Rita Prickly Pear Cactus (also known as Opuntia santa-rita). Adding these unique plants to your garden can complement your columnar and barrel cacti. Some cacti bloom most of the year, while others only bloom when the days are short. There are approximately 170 species of columnar cacti, each of which has unique features. If you’ve ever wanted a plant that accepted, or even thrived, under the least possible care, … No, they are not. Unlike most plants, cactus need very minimal amounts of water, thriving in well-drained areas. In fact, 95 percent of plants that you can find in the Spiny desert are not native to any other place on Earth. The bunny ears cactus grows to two or three feet, making it the perfect house plant. The flaming katy grows best in clay pots that have holes at the bottom for drainage. Watch Growing Cactus in Minnesota on PBS. Non-flowering cacti are particularly easy to care for, as well. Adromischus cristatus. Menu. Although it thrives in light, the noon sun can burn the plant. Each of these varies in size and shape. Photo Source: Mountaincrest Gardens. Here are a few of the most popular Mexican plants to bring home: Mexican cacti differ widely in price. Beavertail Cactus Opuntia basilaris. The width of the cactus will depend on the size of the container. The blooms can be orange, pink, red, or white, depending on the plant. However, this kind of plant is native to drier forests than its Christmas cousin. It continues to bloom into the winter months, needing cooler temperatures to flourish. The old lady cactus is a type of pincushion cactus in the mammillaria family, which has 250 species. This plant can adapt to low light environments, but blooms excel with more light. They produce green or orange blooms. They thrive in dry, hot climates. They may not have lush tropical foliage or fast growth, but cacti and other succulents have other advantages as houseplants. Since this coincides with several winter holidays, it is called a holiday plant. There are plenty of sizes of prickly pear cacti. Trichocereus Spachianus is the most common type of cactus which you can grow inside your house. Pincushion Cactus This delicate type of cactus has such silky thorns that it closely resembles a pincushion. The features that are often confused with defining them as trees are their leaves, bark and potential to grow into treelike shapes. About the Desert Cactus. Certain types of cacti will be able to grow in the shade while it is physically impossible for others to. However, you should bring them in if it gets too cold. It’s honestly a unique island with beautiful flora to enjoy. It may get as high as 12 inches, but rarely taller. Getty Images. CLARET CUP (A TYPE OF HEDGEHOG CACTUS) I’m ridiculously obsessed with their perfect red flowers. The most common type of cactus is the saguaro. Portulaca is especially well-suited for growing in containers on patios and decks, with its fleshy, succulent leaves, red stems, and colorful cactus-like flowers in shades of red, orange, yellow, pink, purple and white. Sort of. You can get a pack of the cacti in the picture above for just 15 dollars. The container however they are covered with glochids or brown prickles and should handled! From harsh weather conditions an easy care and forgiving houseplant, an ever cactus. But not all succulents are cacti and skinny of homes to help them thrive, and fact. 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common cactus types 2021