Keeping a solid roofing layer of shingles is an important way to avoid water damage and leaks. Size your shingles appropriately. This guide will teach you how to shingle a roof safely in just a few steps. For the kind of shingles you purchase there may be a special starter row of shingles or a roll of strip material that you cut to the length of your roof. By using our site, you agree to our. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. ", Step 2: Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. You can run another course or row of shingles folded across the ridge to equally cover both sides of the roof slopes so no nails are exposed. It worked great, "Extremely helpful. Each material has its own characteristics and price point, which can impact the cost of the roof. 1.5 tabs off of your third course shingles, For your fifth course, cut off half of the final tab. Need Help? Adding More Shingle Courses Follow the manufacturer’s instructions carefully, as you may need to adjust the application according to the slope of your roof. Underlayments help prevent leaks from getting through to the wood underneath, so you should install it just in case. It generally takes three packs of shingles to cover 100 square feet (9.29 square meters). Use caution so you don't damage any windows or siding in the process. Every day at wikiHow, we work hard to give you access to instructions and information that will help you live a better life, whether it's keeping you safer, healthier, or improving your well-being. Are the ridge shingles meant to lay over or under the next row of shingles? Shingles should be interlaced with this flashing, which is usually cemented and nailed-down under upper shingles, but over the shingles on the sides. As you continue, follow the pattern of lining a full shingle up against the next and nailing it into place. Lay One Starter Shingle ", "I learned the concept of racking, both the good and the bad aspects of it. The first thing you need to do when figuring out how to put shingles on a roof is to determine which type of roofing shingles you need. What is the lowest air temperature for roof shingles? This article was co-authored by David Bitan. Tip: When laying shingles, work from the bottom to the top of the roof. Lay the rest of the row with full shingles. Racking shingles sometimes also may create a condition called "pattern curling," where the shingles curl and blow in the wind, at the places where the racked columns join, because of lifting the end of a shingle to place the next shingle and lifting the end high enough to nail the next shingle underneath each of the overlapping shingles. These pieces act as a weather-proofing and protective barrier between your house and the elements, helping keep water and cold temperatures out. Absolutely not. The average homeowner installing architectural asphalt shingles on a 1,500-square-foot roof will pay between $6,000 and $14,00… Does the flashing that is under the siding remain under the shingles or over the shingles? ", Step 4: Should the plastic be removed on the shingles? The first course is a full shingle, the second course is when you should start cutting. unlocking this expert answer. These are laminate asphalt shingles made from a fibreglass mat, thicker and very wind-resistant. The meta… It's a common practice among contractors. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. © 2000-2020 Home Depot Product Authority, LLC. Professional and licensed contractors adhere to safety practices. Nailing here will cause the next shingle to cover the nail heads and allow the next and subsequent rows of nails in shingles to always penetrate and hold the top edge of the lower row (this allows 8 nails to hold each shingle). Be mindful of the proper nailing technique so that your nails always hold the top edge of the course beneath it. Last Updated: August 20, 2020 This is with a 15-year-old roof and 110F summer temps. If you don't feel comfortable working on the sloped roof yourself, hire someone else to do it. Do I need to underlay before installing shingles? How to Install Roof Shingles | Ask This Old House - YouTube Please call us at: 1-800-HOME-DEPOT (1-800-466-3337), Please enter in your email address in the following format: Doing it properly will keep you without problems for 20 or 40 years. Follow the guideline you created to keep the shingles straight. ", Step 5: Place a whole shingle next to it. Then, your first shingle goes on the side you are going to cut. Almost 75 percent of roof leaks occur in valleys where two roof planes meet, or at chimneys or other roof penetrations, so be sure to install roof flashing in these areas prior to the start of the installation. When installing shingles, start by laying a narrow row of shingles at the bottom of the roof along the edge. Using your staple gun, secure the felt to the roof. For most DIY roofers, the five-inch offset is the most desirable pattern. Use of this site is subject to certain Terms Of Use. To lay out the design for the shingles, begin at the bottom of the roof and place a tape measure ½ inch from the edge of the roof to ensure the shingles overhang the drip edge. Small business startups and want to be roofers need this course. Use your chalk and tape measure to mark about 12 inches up on the roof for the first set of shingles. Lastly, multiply this number by 3 and you will know how many packs you need to buy. Start by laying asphalt, felt or other underlayment, over the roof. Step one in any roofing project is always safety first. Facts About Asphalt Roofing Shingles. Install new flashing (metal flashing is often called "drip edge" along the bottom of the roof near your gutters). It's important to make sure you are working on a straight course and pre-planned layout. These are just some of the best tips to install vinyl siding. I have a 2 ft overhang that meets a wall. Start the 7th row with a full shingle, and then begin shortening the first shingles in 6-inch increments again. Avoid walking over or cutting the felt and shingles during the middle of the day on hot days, as the heat can partially melt the felt-paper and the underside of asphalt shingles, making them gooey and easier to damage by stretching, mashing and ripping. The course explains how to install the shingles… The next one goes on the low side; you want to lay the shingles from the bottom to the top of the valley. Always try to keep the cut edge on your rake edge. Learning how to install roof shingles is a relatively easy process and one that can save you time and money in the long run. Consider other items such as safety glasses, a vest and work boots when you are gathering your roofing supplies. ", "It taught me how to do shingles. Each shingle should be held by four nails. With over 60 years of combined experience, Bumble Roofing provides easy, friendly services to structures including residential, commercial, industrial, multi-family, and government buildings along with hospitals, hotels, and churches. If you don't have a starter strip, refer to the figure to see how you can make you own from the shingles. Yes. Align the lower edge … Step 6 Step 6 Work Your Way up the Roof. Set the air compressor and gun depth setting lower. My roofer overlapped the ends of some laminated shingles. Tip: It usually takes three batches of asphalt shingles to cover 100 sq. A half tab off for your first course shingles, A full tab for your second course shingles. "I've looked at various articles on how to apply shingles. Then secure another nail an inch above each cutout. Run the row of starter shingles 1/2 in. You really did a good job on this. Before you begin, be sure to stock up on safety gear. Approved. how white cedar shingles make a great wall siding; the best ways to cut and fasten cedar sidewall shingles; one way to make a vertical drainage pathway that extends shingle life; how a saggy old shed is refurbished using cedar shingle siding This type of shingles are quite expensive. Drive four nails into each shingle. If a shingle is torn or cracked, glue the broken piece back in place using … ", "I never knew to cut off the first row before laying it in place. SUCCEEDING COURSES:As you go up the rake, repeat the same pattern used to start the first six courses (Figure 10 -10 – see B). You may need to make some adjustments before you begin the roof. Divide that number by 100 to get the correct number of squares. Cut your last shingle on each row to size, repeating all the way to the ridge. With the proper equipment and know-how, you will be able to complete your shingling jobs without wasting money or time. Stack pipes, vents and chimneys are surrounded with metal flashing laid over tar. Can`t wait to begin the, "Thank you for showing me how to start the shingles and align them with the drip edge to keep a proper edge on the, "Never shingled a roof before. Start by overlapping a starter from both sides of the valley at the bottom. For example: Hammer one nail about 2 inches from each end of a shingle. Next, lay the first full row of shingles so they're directly covering the starter row. Adequate planning, adherence to safety measures, and the use of the right tools will help you achieve a successful outcome. Tip: Be careful to drive nails straight rather than angled. Roof shingling is an easy job to do yourself, especially if you use a few shortcuts that don't compromise the quality of your work. These chalk lines will serve as a guide for subsequent even-numbered rows of shingles, and odd-numbered rows, respectively. Remove the metal flashing. I used three-tab shingles for two of the methods and laminated shingles for the other two. David Bitan. Measure the width and length of each section of your roof. If you live in an area with inclement weather, you should consider using a special ice and water protector. When laying the shingles for the top row, cut 6 inches (15.2 centimeters) from the first shingle in the left corner of the roof using the utility knife. In many ways, shingles are a bit of a mystery material. The drip edge is installed to create a straight roof line. Roofing Contractor & Maintenance Professional. You can keep any flashing that is in good shape, but we recommend replacing it all with new flashing. This is by far, the very best. Install New Flashing This curling may lead to water getting under shingles, leaking at the places where racked columns meet. Especially how there were different ways of how to do it, not just one. If in doubt, do not hesitate to contact your professional roofing contractor. Use your gauge on the nail gun to stagger them up the valley, and then snap a chalk line about four fingers wide from the center of the valley. It stops water … If you know how to clean the roof shingles, you can get rid of those streaks or discolorations that can … All Rights Reserved.,,, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. This article has been viewed 623,338 times. Roofing Contractor & Maintenance Professional. How to install shingles on a roof Step By Step .This is a roofing demonstration of how to install shingles on one side of your roof DIY . Make sure you measure the roof’s span, which is the measurement from the exterior of one wall plate to the exterior of the opposite wall plate. They are used on more colonial Spanish-type homes. If you live in an area with inclement weather, you should consider using a special ice and water … Nail the drip edge in place using your hammer and roofing nails. For more tips about how to lay shingles from our General Contractor reviewer, including how to use an alternating pattern, keep reading! If a nail hits a crack or hole in wood deck, it can and will work up over time, through the shingle above, and then appear sticking up through a 1/4 inch (approx 6.5mm) hole, in the roofing causing a leak. When you reach the peak, either bring the ridge edges together with a ridge-capping layer or cut regular shingles into 3 tabbed, equal pieces and bend them so they fit on the roof peak. For asphalt shingles, aluminum flashings are recommended. Bring a trash can up on the roof so you have a place to throw old shingles and flashing. What should I do if I have a two inch gap between my shingles and the crest? Start at the eave area just over the ice-and-water shield, with three inches of overlap (about 3”) and work your way up. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Working your way up and across, begin laying your courses. Basically, you'll cut off one-half tab-width of the first tab to start the first course, changing the necessary area to fill with each row, shifting the "slots." Working at heights on a roof presents fall … Install the underlayment, metal drip edges and any eaves flashing required by code. Depending on how you're going to organize your rows and courses, some roofers like to cut five variable sizes of shingles when using the basic three-tab variety. Lay the joist from one wall plate to the other and use a spirit level on it. David Bitan is a roofing professional, licensed contractor, and the owner and founder of Bumble Roofing based in Southern California. If you hit a stack, vent, or chimney, interlace the shingles with the flashing to allow water to run down the roof. Always follow the manufacturer's instructions included with your shingles. Begin by removing the shingles using a roofing shovel. How do you start the first six rows of shingles when the edge in not square but a hip angle? Place the glue strip along the rake edge and drip edge. Go to H.Depot/ Lowes/ Any Hardware that sells Shingles. What are the measurements on the chalk line marks? Find a friend or two who knows how to install vinyl siding. ft. Now it's time to install the underlayment and flashing. Keep in mind that safety should always be your first priority when it comes to doing any construction work on a roof. This starter strip should line up with your drip edge. With over 60 years of combined experience, Bumble Roofing provides easy, friendly services to structures including residential, commercial, industrial, multi-family, and government buildings along with hospitals, hotels, and churches. The shingles are suitable for cold and warm climates. This article has been viewed 623,338 times. When shingling a roof with three tab shingles, it’s easiest to shingle the roof planes first, working toward the valley. Always install flashing around a chimney and other valleys where two roof planes meet as these areas are more prone to leaks if not protected. Renewing your roof cannot only help with energy efficiency but it can provide a sense of safety for your family and improve your home's curb appeal. Once you've reached the ridge, bend the shingle over the ridge so that each side is equal and nail it into place with a single nail on each side. But many homeowners don’t know much about shingles, and, in fact, very few homeowners ever touch or handle an asphalt shingle. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. Start laying them down in rows so that you don’t make it look odd with weird patterns. ". This creates a space that allows water to get in. Unfortunately, because of this, the pattern is less desirable for extremely cold climates or very wet places. Amid the current public health and economic crises, when the world is shifting dramatically and we are all learning and adapting to changes in daily life, people need wikiHow more than ever. Install a continuous starter strip or full-sized shingles, which are simply turned … Apply one layer of underlayment over the metal drip at the eaves. Your support helps wikiHow to create more in-depth illustrated articles and videos and to share our trusted brand of instructional content with millions of people all over the world. In some cases, racking may void the manufacturer's warranty on the expected leak-proofing quality and useful life of some brands of shingles. But have you seen a video class on how to install a shingle roof. Laminated shingles let you start in the valley and work outward, which can be … Used the first technique of cutting half a tab, then a whole, etc. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. To nail a shingle to the roof, just hammer a nail into the corners of each shingle. % of people told us that this article helped them. Does my first row of starter shingles extend over the edge to cover the drip edge? If the nail gun is firing too deeply, almost mashing through the shingles, then the nails will soon pull through and come loose. The sections of my roof that I have redone (removing the protector strip) are all still in great shape and DON'T lift during high winds. Do I remove the plastic protector on the tar strips? While there are many different styles and ways to clad a roof, shingles1 are by far the most popular. For more tips about how to lay shingles from our General Contractor reviewer, including how to use an alternating pattern, keep reading! In addition to enhancing the appearance of all types of roof, they are easier to install and much more durable. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. The first type of shingle roofs we will take a look at in this guide is the tile shingles. Install the starter strip, which is just a backing for the first visible row of shingles.