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No. When asked if he would consider becoming actively involved in politics, he said that he is not a politician. [13] International organizations expressed grave concerns about the safety of journalists, following the king's decision to restrict civil liberties, including freedom of the press, the constitutional protection against censorship and the right against preventive detention.[14]. Speaking to a select group of Japanese correspondents at the Narayanhiti Royal Palace on 4 February 2008, King Gyanendra said, "[The decision] doesn't reflect the majority view of the people. This branch also enacts and implements the law. [30], On 8 July 2019, the former king's birthday was observed by thousands of Nepalese who marked the occasion by marching to his private residence at Nirmal Niwas Palace. [35], Despite having all of the properties he inherited from his late brother King Birendra nationalized, the former king still retained all of his personal wealth prior to his enthronement. This ended the idea of a "King in Parliament", and he was reduced to a figurehead, though for a time he continued to offer felicitations and to receive diplomats. On 10 June 2006, the Parliament scrapped the major powers of the King, including his right to veto laws. Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev (Nepali: ज्ञानेन्द्र शाह; Gyānendra Śāha; born 7 July 1947) reigned as the King of Nepal from 2001 to 2008. After his birth, his father was told by a court astrologer not to look at his newborn son because it would bring him bad luck, so Gyanendra was sent to live with his grandmother. According to Article 167 of the constitution, all executive powers as well as those enjoyed by the King in the previous Constitution were now vested in the prime minister. He walked in the rain through the general public for more than one kilometre. On 28 December 2007, the Nepali interim parliament approved a bill for the amendment to the constitution of 1990 promulgated on 15 January 2007, with a clause stating that Nepal would become a federal democratic republic, to be implemented by the first meeting of the Constituent Assembly elections. He is the worldly political leader and also the Commander of the Faithful or Amir al-Mou'minin since he is viewed as an immediate descendant of Prophet Mohammed, giving him t… [citation needed], King Gyanendra studied with his elder brother King Birendra at St. Joseph's School, Darjeeling, India; in 1969, he graduated from Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu. His second reign began after the 2001 Nepalese royal Massacre. Riot police in Nepal clashed for hours Monday with thousands of protesters demanding a return of the monarchy that was abolished more than a decade ago and the reinstatement of a Hindu state. Nepal was only to this extent a Hindu Rashtra. He claimed that his attempt on 1 February 2005 was for a good purpose—restoring peace and stability in the country. [39] There was no protest on the first day. [18][19], On 27 May 2008, the meeting decided to give Gyanendra fifteen days to vacate the palace and decided that the first meeting would be held the next day at 11 am; however, it was delayed due to the indecision among the leading parties on power-sharing and the nomination of 26 members of the Constituent Assembly. Also, there is no Nepali version of Franco in sight to install the king back in power. The head of government, by contrast, is the person who actually leads the government in creating and enforcing policies. The role of President is largely ceremonial as the functioning of the government is managed entirely by the Prime Minister who is appointed by the Parliament. Following his departure, the Narayanhiti Palace was turned into a museum, while Gyanendra's diamond- and ruby-encrusted Crown and royal sceptre, along with all the other crown jewels and royal assets, became government property. His elder brother King Birendra had negotiated a constitutional monarchy during his rule in a delicate manner in which he, as King, played a minor role in government. Nepalese students affiliated with Nepal Student Union chant slogans against prime minister Khadga Prasad Oli during a protest in Kathmandu, Nepal, Sunday, Dec. 20, 2020. Therefore, the visitors wrote birthday wishes on registers kept at the Nirmal Niwas Palace. [22] As he was required to leave Narayanhiti, he asked the government to make residential arrangements for him on 1 June, and on 4 June the government decided to give Nagarjuna Palace to Gyanendra. But Nepal barely has political ground prepared for the king to return to his deposed throne. Riot police in Nepal clashed for hours with thousands of protesters demanding a return of the monarchy that was abolished more than a decade ago and the reinstatement of a Hindu state. but the period of direct rule was accompanied by repression of dissent. [3] In the end of the 18th century, the central politics was regularly dominated by two notable political factions; Thapas and Pandes. [24] The government on practicality was not an absolute monarchy due to the dominance of Nepalese political clans making the Shah monarch a puppet ruler. KATMANDU Nepal, Jan 31 —King Mahendra bf Nepal died today after suffering a heart attack yesterday the Government announced. His new residence consists of ten buildings including the royal residence Hemanta Bas, three guesthouses (Barsha Bas, Sharad Bas and Grishma Bas), one office secretariat and one staff quarters. His reign ended about two years later. Later, Kirtiman Singh was secretly assassinated on 28 September 1801, by the supporters of Raj Rajeshwari Devi[7] and his brother Bakhtawar Singh Basnyat, was then given the post of Chief (Mul) Kaji. The growing insurgency of the Nepalese Civil War during King Gyanendra's reign interfered with elections of representatives. In some cases they are de facto leaders not occupying either of those positions or prime ministers who are not heads of government. [5] Kajis had held the administrative and executive powers of nation after the fall of Chief Chautariya Prince Bahadur Shah in 1794. Nepal - Nepal - Fall of the monarchy: The country’s political life in the 1990s and 2000s was marked by prolonged instability as the monarchy, the NC, and Maoists jostled for power. Further, the image of a potential benevolent ruler would have been critical in accelerating the process. The King, who is a hereditary ruler and the head of state, and the Prime Minister make up the executive branch of the government. The constitution gives the King a lot of powers. Police blocked the main road to the prime minister's office, using batons to beat the protesters, who responded by throwing rocks and sticks. Koirala, the brother of Nepal’s first elected prime minister (1959–60), was nominated by the NC and appointed by the king to head the new elected government. All powers of the 239-year-old monarchy were stripped, making Gyanendra a civilian king. The head of state is the President and the Prime Minister holds the position of the Head of executive. [22], Mukhtiyars ruled over the executive and administrative functions of the state until its replacement by British conventional Prime Minister in 1843 conferred upon then ruling Mukhtiyar Mathabar Singh Thapa.[23]. The cu… If either of the candidates fails to garner the majority of the delegate’s votes, a runoff pits the top two candidates until one of them gets th… King Gyanendra married his second cousin Komal Rajya Lakhsmi Devi on 1 May 1970 in Kathmandu. In April 2006, the seven-party alliance and the then banned CPN Maoist party in an underground manner[clarification needed] staged protests and strikes in Kathmandu against Gyanendra's direct rule. Once parliament dissolves, Israelis will head to the polls in March for a fourth time since early 2019, this time in the midst of the coronavirus pandemic, a major economic recession, and while Netanyahu is on trial for a series of corruption charges. The king’s closest advisor is the Je Khenpo who serves as Bhutan’s highest religious official. Weeks of street protests in 2006 forced then King Gyanendra to abandon his authoritarian rule and introduce democracy. Citing the recent survey which showed 49% of respondents favoured the continuation of the monarchy in some form, Gyanendra claimed, "A majority of the people find great meaning in the institution of the monarchy. Nepal has seen political turmoil for some time, the latest developments seeing the King hand over his powers to a parliamentarian government and the government signing a peace treaty with Maoist rebels. Critics and citizen alike condemned the remarks of the politicians' criticizing the former king's private affair. When King Gyanendra took complete control for the second time, on 1 February 2005, he dismissed Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba's government for failing to make arrangements for parliamentary elections and being unable to restore peace in the country, which was then in the midst of a civil war led by Maoist insurgents. [2] Another reason was the minority of the reigning King between 1777 and 1847 that led to establishment of anarchial rule. [6] He served as the chairman of the Advisory Committee for the Coronation of his brother King Birendra in 1975. [15] In June, Koirala repeated his call for King Gyanendra to abdicate in favour of his grandson Prince Hridayendra. [24] The king had full rights to expel any person who offended the country and also pardon the offenders and grant return to the country. Like the warrior king, he too was led astray by a luring fate and overweening ambition. The rally was organized by The Main Civilian Birthday Celebration Committee, however, the former king refused to give audience to the crowd as he didn't celebrate his birthday in public due to the demise of his relatives. Heads of government of the Kingdom of Nepal (1768–2008) Before 1800s. [5] The actions of the Rana regime to depose his grandfather and place Gyanendra on the throne were internationally recognized. [24] The judiciary functions were decided on the principles of Hindu Dharma codes of conduct. [12] Nepal Bhutan ... of an unprecedented situation involving a foreign head of state. 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Gyanendra's second reign was marked by constitutional turmoil. Girija Prasad, as the main leader, had talks with the King and the agreement for monarchy's position. After 23 protesters were killed, on 21 April 2006, Gyanendra announced that he would yield executive authority to a new prime minister chosen by the political parties to oversee the return of democracy. During the years 2002 to 2005 he chose and subsequently dismissed three prime ministers for failure to hold elections and bring the rebels to a round table negotiation; he finally dismissed Deuba for the second time and took over as absolute ruler on 1 February 2005, promising that the country would return to normality within 36 months. [citation needed]. In May 1991, Nepal held its first parliamentary elections. The former was an established political party and the latter emerged from a decade-long armed conflict in which some 13,000 people lost their lives. His investment in Soaltee Hotel alone was estimated to be around $100 million in 2008 with a 40% stake. The King then finally took over as the head of government in February 2005. ", "All the king's businesses- Nepali Times", Nepal: Ex-King accorded touching greet en route, arrives Pokhara, The Himalayan Times : Ex-king's Myagdi visit cancelled over protest - Detail News : Nepal News Portal, "Final Programmes for The Coronation and The Silver Jubilee Celebration", Unofficial translation of the commission report on the palace incident, King of Nepal is stoned by crowd. He said that his attempt was not a success and so the countrymen are suffering at present. Parliament's proclamation that Nepal was a republic also occurred on a Friday. 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[37][38], Soon after news emerged of a ten-day personal visit to Parbat district in 2012, ten political parties of the district organized a corner assembly[clarification needed] at Shibalaya Chowk of Kusmabazaar, and decided to protest against Gyanendra's visit. He took over the administration of Nepal by assuming the position of Mukhtiyar (chief authority). After several delays in elections, King Gyanendra suspended the constitution and assumed direct authority in February 2005, asserting that it would be a temporary measure to suppress the Maoist insurgency as the ushering in of democracy in Nepal had led to a fractious, corrupt and incompetent series of government who were successively incapable to deal with the Maoist insurgency. [24] These basic Hindu templates provide the evidence that Nepal was administered as a Hindu state. [4], In November 1950, during a political plot, both his father and his grandfather King Tribhuvan, along with other royals, fled to India, leaving the young Prince Gyanendra as the only male member of the royal family in Nepal. A monarchy is typically called a kingdom. Bharadar translates as 'bearers of burden of state'. Two years later, a newly elected parliament voted to abolish the monarchy and declared Nepal a republic with a president as head of state. [17][18] The assassination of Rana Bahadur Shah triggered a great massacre in Bhandarkhal (a royal garden east of Kathmandu Durbar) and at the bank of Bishnumati river[19][20] after which Kaji Bhimsen killed 55 senior officials to benefit from the chaos. Against all odds, he was crowned king in 1950, when he was only three. ", King Gyanendra had broken his closely guarded silence in an interview with a Nepali weekly paper in which he said he remained silent to "let the peace process succeed". Replying to a question raised regarding the King's silence even after the bill was passed declaring the state a republic, he said that there was nothing for the King to respond to. [20], On 28 May 2008, the monarchy was officially given no place in the amended constitution of 1990 and was replaced by a republic. While the Nepali Congress had a long history of democratic struggle, the Nepal Communist Party was formed only in 2018 after the merger of CPN-UML and Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist-Centre). He asserted that since the politicians had not asked the people by a referendum to abolish the institution, a referendum to bring him back was not needed. In November 1950, during a political plot, both his father and his grandfather King Tribhuvan, along with other royals, fled to India, leaving the young Prince Gyanendra as the only male member of the royal family in Nepal.He was brought back to the capital Kathmandu by the Prime Minister Mohan Shamsher, who had him declared King on 7 November 1950. [16], On 23 August 2007 Nepal's transitional government nationalised all the properties Gyanendra inherited from his brother, including the Narayanhiti Royal Palace. The Government of Nepal (Nepali: नेपाल सरकार) is an executive body and the central government of Nepal. [2][note 1] These Bharadars were drawn from high caste and politically influential families. He had planned to worship at various holy shrines in the district. The agreement between the parties and Gyanendra under Indian supervision was not honored by the parties. 2002. [9] When the exiled abdicated King Rana Bahadur Shah prepared his return in 1804, he arrested many government officials including then Chief Kaji Damodar Pande and sacked the reigning government. This was for a bill to amend the constitution to make Nepal a republic. Furthermore, the former king is reported to have 54% stake in Himalayan Goodricke, 39% stake in Surya Nepal Tobacco, stakes in Annapurna Hotel which he inherited from aunt Princess Helen, large tea plantations in Itahari stake in Himal International Power Corporation, Jyoti spinning mill in Birgunj, Narayanghat brewery, a Toyota and Tata distributorship, Laxmi Rosin Turpentine Pvt Ltd, Bhotekoshi power company, Sipradi Trading Pvt Ltd, Gorkha Lawrie Pvt Ltd, Amaravati Pvt Ltd, an island in the Maldives and oil interest in Nigeria. "[27] Gyanendra, in an interview with foreign reporters published on 9 April 2008,[26] expressed dissatisfaction over the decision made by the interim parliament to abolish the monarchy after the 10 April Constituent Assembly election. The character of government in Kingdom of Nepal was driven from consultative state organ of the previous Gorkha hill principality, known as Bharadar. [5] Kirtiman had succeeded Abhiman Singh Basnyat as Chief Kaji[6] while Prince Bahadur Shah was succeeded as Chief (Mul) Chautariya by Prince Ranodyot Shah, then heir apparent of King Rana Bahadur Shah by a Chhetri Queen Subarna Prabha Devi. [40], Developments after the demise of Constituent Assembly, Princess Prerana Rajya Lakshmi Devi Singh, Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, "Nepal: King Tribhuvan and fall of the Ranas", Nepal massacre inquiry begins, at long last, "State of Emergency Imperils Information Flow", King urged to let boy, 5, be Nepal’s saviour, "Nepal becomes a federal democratic republic", "Ex-King Gyanendra says he accepts CA decision; prepares to leave Narayanhiti", "Govt decides to give Nagarjuna palace to ex-King", "BBC NEWS, Former Nepal king to leave palace", "thaindian.com, Former King Gyanendra prepares to leave Narayanhiti Palace", "Nepal king, facing ouster, urges people to vote", "Nepali king slams decision to abolish the monarchy", "Former King Gyanendra of Nepal wants to be reinstated", "Economic crisis and corruption favour the return of former Hindu king", "Former King Gyanendra's birthday observed", "Does Nepali Congress intend to let ex-king Gyanendra Shah and Hinduists regroup, gain ground? Nepalese people started the Mass Movement against the monarchy from 24 th Chaitra 2062 to 11 th Baisakh 2063 BS which ended the rule of the king from Nepal. Bhimsen Thapa was made a second kaji; Ranajit Pande, who was the father-in-law of Bhimsen's brother, was made the Mul (Chief) Kaji; Sher Bahadur Shah, Rana Bahadur's half-brother, was made the Mul (Chief) Chautariya; while Rangnath Paudel was made the Raj Guru (royal spiritual preceptor). ... response rebutting its finding that the German government could act against the king if it wished. This incident is called People’s Movement-ll. [33], During a private party at Trisara restaurant in Durbarmarg, a picture taken of the former king dancing caused significant unrest and outcry, most notably from Maoist leader Prachanda and prime minister Oli. [3] The government was stated to have controlled by regents, Mukhtiyars and alliance of political faction with strong fundamental support. [21] He was declared Mukhtiyar (Chief Authority) of Nepal and led the new government from a royal mandate of minor King Girvan Yuddha Bikram Shah. Prior to the abolition of the Nepali monarchy in 2008, it was officially known as His Majesty's Government.[1]. In an interview with Nepal Aaja, Dr. KC remarked that the former king did not show any active interest to return to the throne or into politics. He is a keen conservationist and served as Chairman of the King Mahendra Trust for Nature Conservation (later known as National Trust for Nature Conservation) from 1982 until his reaccession to the throne in 2001.[7]. Nevertheless, Gyanendra left for Pokhara. [36] The long struggle paid off when King Birendra accepted constitutional reforms and established a multiparty parliament with himself as the Head of State and an executive Prime Minister under him. Leaders speaking at the corner assembly called on Gyanendra to stop his visit and also warned that they would obstruct his tour forcibly if he started it. The interview was published in Japan's leading newspaper, Daily Yomiuri. In October 2002, he dismissed Deuba and consolidated his power for the first time. [8] After interviewing more than 100 people—including eyewitnesses, palace officials, guards, and staff—they concluded that Crown Prince Dipendra had indeed carried out the massacre, but they drew no further conclusions. The Rana Prime Minister provided a 300,000 rupee annual budget as expenditure for the King. His predecessor King Birendra had established a constitutional monarchy in which he delegated policy to a representative government. United Nations, UNDP Nepal, SAARC, ESCAP, FAO, ICAO, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IMF, IMO, Interpol, UNCTAD, UNESCO, WHO, WTO. This page lists the national rulers in the world. The king’s reign can be cut short by a two-thirds majority vote from the legislature and after that a referendum where a simple majority in all of the nation’s twenty districts is required. Monday's protest was the … [24] The King was considered as an incarnation of Lord Vishnu and was the chief authority over legislative, judiciary and executive functions. The government is led by a Kshatriya king guided by Brahmins in his court. Having been a businessman, the former king is said to have inherited huge fortunes from his family members and still runs many lucrative businesses through investments and is widely believed to be worth hundreds of millions of dollars. In October 2002, King Gyanendra, citing the Maoist uprising in the countryside as his reason, began taking over different aspects of the government with the army’s assistance. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. 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