how many snakes each gorgon had on her head

They are forced to tell him where he can find weapons to help him kill Medusa: winged sandals to carry him to the Gorgons' island, the cap of Hades to render him invisible, and a metallic satchel (kibisis) to hold her head once it is cut off. Homer, the author of the oldest known work of European literature, speaks only of one Gorgon, whose head is represented in the Iliad as fixed in the centre of the aegis of Athena: About her shoulders she flung the tasselled aegis, fraught with terror ... and therein is the head of the dread monster, the Gorgon, dread and awful ...[10](5.735ff). In these contexts, it protects the dead, guards buildings or tombs, and wards off evil spirits. Medusa was the only Gorgon who was mortal; hence her slayer, Perseus, was able to kill her by cutting off her head. In the principle myth, Medusa is killed by the Greek hero Perseus, the son of Danae and Zeus. Henry T. Riley suggests these islands may correspond to Cape Verde.[15]. Professor Hainmond assigns the historical King Perseus of Mycenae to a date. As a result of consorting with Poseidon, she is said to have birthed Pegasus, the winged horse, and Chrysaor, the hero of the golden sword. [17] A primeval Gorgon was sometimes said to be the father of Medusa and her sister Gorgons by the sea Goddess Ceto. According to the later idea of Medusa as a beautiful maiden, whose hair had been changed into snakes by Athena, the head was represented in works of art with a wonderfully handsome face, wrapped in the calm repose of death. This relief of Medusa was part of a temple at Ephesus, Turkey, built by P. Quintilius before 128 CE, and dedicated to the Emperor Hadrian. One account says she married Perseus. Medusa was a monster in Greek mythology, known as a Gorgon. An image of a Gorgon holds the primary location at the pediment of the temple at Corfu, which is the oldest stone pediment in Greece, and is dated to c. 600 BC. Gorgons, especially Medusa, have become a common image and symbol in Western culture since their origins in Greek mythology, appearing in art, literature, and elsewhere throughout history. She was the daughter of Phorcys, a God of the sea, and Ceto, a female sea God. In this work, Ovid describes Medusa as originally being a beautiful maiden. According to Pseudo-Hyginus the "Gorgo Aix" (Γοργώ Aιξ), daughter of Helios, was killed by Zeus during the Titanomachy. The oldest oracles were said to be protected by serpents and a Gorgon image was often associated with those temples. Medusa wandered Africa for some time. By contrast, a more comprehensive account of Perseus and Medusa can be found in Ovid’s Metamorphoses. In late myths, Medusa was the only one of the three Gorgons who was not immortal. The Bibliotheca provides a good summary of the Gorgon myth. From her skin, a goat-like hide rimmed with serpents, he made his famous aegis, and placed her fearsome visage upon it. Transitions in religious traditions over such long periods of time may make some strange turns. Lionesses or sphinxes frequently are associated with the Gorgon as well. This figure may have been the same as Gorgo Aix as the primal Gorgon was of an indeterminable gender. The Bibliotheca[14] provides a good summary of the Gorgon myth. They may be represented by spirals, wheels, concentric circles, swastikas, firewheels, and other images. The name is Greek, being derived from "gorgos" and translating as terrible or dreadful. Gorgoneia (figures depicting a Gorgon head, see below) first appear in Greek art at the turn of the 8th century BC. : This article is about the Greek mythological monster. [6], Gorgon of Paros, marble statue at the Archaeological Museum of Paros, 6th century BC, Cyclades, Greece, Disk-fibula with a gorgoneion, bronze with repoussé decoration, second half of the 6th century BC (Louvre), An archaic Gorgon (around 580 BC), as depicted on a pediment from the temple of Artemis in Corfu, on display at the Archaeological Museum of Corfu, Winged goddess with a Gorgon's head, orientalizing plate, c.600 BC, from Kameiros, Rhodes, Gorgon Medusa 200 AD with wings at the top of her head (Romano-Germanic Museum in Cologne), A number of early classics scholars interpreted the myth of the Medusa as a quasi-historical, or "sublimated", memory of an actual invasion. In this sculpture, a snake is seen crawling up the goddess' shield and many more snakes and a gorgon head are depicted on her aegis, or protective collar. The king, sensing that Perseus was an obstacle to pursuing Danae, sends him on the impossible mission to bring back the head of Medusa. [citation needed] Athena gave a vial of the healing blood to Asclepius, which ultimately brought about his demise. Her soul also takes a snake-like theme, closely resembling the head of the Gorgon of Greek Legend, Medusa. How many snakes each Gorgon had on her head? She gave him a goatskin to bundle her head into, and instructed him to find the three Gray Sisters at the top of the world. She was made into marble and bronze sculptures. Perseus is said by some to have given the head, which retained the power of turning into stone all who looked upon it, to Athena. For other uses, see, A large part of Greek myth is politico-religious history. The awkward stance of the gorgon, with arms and legs at angles is closely associated with these symbols as well. The nearer he came, the more terrible did the snaky visage and metallic body of the monster grow. The Gorgoneion was an amulet that bore the head of a Gorgon. The powerful image of the Gorgon was adopted for the classical images and myths of Zeus and Athena, perhaps being worn in continuation of a more ancient imagery. Another source says that Perseus buried the head in the marketplace of Argos. In Greek mythology, a Gorgon (/ˈɡɔːrɡən/; plural: Gorgons, Ancient Greek: Γοργών/Γοργώ Gorgon/Gorgo) is a mythical creature portrayed in ancient literature. Perseus’s name should properly be spelled Perseus, ‘the destroyer’; and he was not, as Professor Kerenyi has suggested, an archetypal Death-figure but, probably, represented the patriarchal Hellenes who invaded Greece and Asia Minor early in the second millennium BC, and challenged the power of the Triple-goddess. Snakes writhe on either side of their heads and necks, and the Gorgon on the left has griffin heads growing from the top of her head. Medusa was a monster in Greek mythology, known as a Gorgon. — J. 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